Alcoholism, also referred to alcohol abuse or alcohol dependence, is a condition described as the dependence upon and repeated use of alcoholic substances. Experts attribute this condition to a psychological and cognitive dependence with the potential of causing extensive tissue damage and even disease across the body.
In 2012, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, one of the 27 centers and institutes making up the National Institutes of Health, estimated over 17 million or 7.2 percent of American adults aged 18 years and older had Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD). This number included 11.2 and 5.7 million men and women respectively. Adolescents are also prone to AUD as revealed by the research report.